The blooming cultural landscape
Numerous plants owe their existence and survival to people. The thousand-year lasting cohabitation of human and nature has formed the landscape in the Julian Alps and also a living space for many plants.
Without the diligent work of the local people the fields would be overgrown by forest, which would higher in the mountains turn into mountain pines and rocks – all the beautiful floral richness of meadows from the valley up to the mountains would be lost.
Based on the native breed of cattle – the so called "cika", the cattle breeding required a respectful and well considered use of what the nature provides. Due to a wet climate elaborate constructions had to be built – hayracks to dry hay and wooden hay barns to preserve the hay through the winter. The herdsmen on the high-pastures were dwelling in herdsmen huts in the mountains.
All this gave the landscape around Bohinj a special character – a precious cultural landscape of immense beauty was formed, which the local people are justly proud of.
For the preservation of the rich flora of Bohinj and the Alps in general, it is crucial to preserve the cultural landscape with extensive cattle breeding – with traditional ways of harvesting hay.
The International Wild Flower Festival is also intended for the search of a way for a harmony of human and nature in the future – so that even our children will be able to admire the enchanting blooming fields.