January 31, 2017

TOPLAR HAYRACKS

Hayrack, known as kozolec, stog and toplar in Slovenia, is one of the most typical architectural structures in Bohinj.

“Toplarji”, double hayracks unique to Slovenia, play a special part in the local Bohinj architecture. They can be seen standing in groups or individually next to farmhouses, on village edges and pastures.

What are hayracks used for?

Hayracks are used for drying hay and food stuffs, storing hay and providing protection in bad weather. Although it is a practical structure with great aeration, a hayrack is often artistically designed and handcrafted. Many hayracks are still is use today, which further demonstrates their significance.

THE FAMOUS GROUP OF “TOPLAR” HAYRACKS IN STUDOR

The famous “toplarji” at the foot of the Studor hill stand on privately owned land, that was distributed to farmers when serfdom was abolished and the land reform took place. Due to their location, interesting design and high density, they are considered as an extraordinary example of vernacular architecture on a worldwide basis.

The reason why they are located so close together before the entrance to the village are the narrow and long parcels of land. These are the result of a purely administrative land distribution that was carried out on a map of land register with a ruler.

Access

To visit the famous group of “toplarji”, follow the main road from the village of Stara Fužina towards the village of Srednja vas. The hayracks are situated on the crossroads for the village of Studor.

HAYRACKS IN THE HAMLET OF VOGAR ON ZGORNJI ZEVT

In contrast to the usual wooden construction of hayracks found in Bohinj, the hayracks on Zgornji Zevt have brick pillars. This method of construction was imported by German immigrants from South Tyrol who settled in the upper Selška dolina valley in the 13th century.

Two hayracks stand in the hamlet of Vogar that are typical of the above mentioned construction method. Under one of them there is a group of well-preserved wooden wagons ranging from a two-wheeled cart to hay wagons of various sizes drawn by animals. Not far to the north stand two more interesting buildings: pažba, a cottage used for preparing and drying flax, and kozjek, a shed for goats.

Access

To reach the hamlet of Vogar next to Zgornji Zevt, take the road to Koprivnik, and follow the local asphalt road on foot or with a car (around 30 minutes) to the end of the asphalt where two farms are located.

Location

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