Not many regions in the Alps can boast a more diverse flora than the area of Bohinj! This relatively small area is characterised by severalaltitudinal belts up to the highest peaks reaching far above the forest line. Vast forests, fields, mountain meadowsand various wetlands – from the shore of Lake Bohinj to the high moors … all this gives an attentive nature lover a chance to experience unforgettable beauties and discoveries.
The richness of flora also invites butterflies and bees. Bohinj and its surrounding areas are a wonderful place for watching butterflies flying from blossom to blossom and for the apiculture, which has a long tradition here.
Numerous plants owe their existence and survival to people. The thousand-year lasting cohabitation of human and nature has formed the landscape in the Julian Alps and also a living space for many plants.
Without the diligent work of the local people the fields would be overgrown by forest, which would higher in the mountains turn into mountain pines and rocks – all the beautiful floral richness of meadows from the valley up to the mountains would be lost.
Based on the native breed of cattle – the so called “cika”, the cattle breeding required a respectful and well considered use of what the nature provides. Due to a wet climate elaborate constructions had to be built – hayracks to dry hay and wooden hay barns to preserve the hay through the winter. The herdsmen on the high-pastures were dwelling in herdsmen huts in the mountains.
All this gave the landscape around Bohinj a special character – a precious cultural landscape of immense beauty was formed, which the local people are justly proud of.
For the preservation of the rich flora of Bohinj and the Alps in general, it is crucial to preserve the cultural landscape with extensive cattle breeding – with traditional ways of harvesting hay.
The International Wild Flower Festival is also intended for the search of a way for a harmony of human and nature in the future – so that even our children will be able to admire the enchanting blooming fields.
ABOUT TRIGLAV NATIONAL PARK
The Triglav National Park (TNP) is the only Slovenian national park. The park was named after Triglav, the highest mountain in the heart of the park, which is also the highest summit in Slovenia (2864 m). The origin of the name Triglav is rather uncertain. Triglav (“three-headed”) owes its name to its characteristic shape as seen from the south-east side or to the highest Slavic deity who was supposed to have its throne on the top of the mountain. The mountain is a true national symbol and is featured on the national coat of arms and the flag.
The Triglav National Park extends along the Italian border and close to the Austrian border in the north-west of Slovenia, that is, in the south-eastern section of the Alps. Its territory is nearly identical with that occupied by the Eastern Julian Alps. The park covers 880 square kilometres, or 3 % of the territory of Slovenia. The Triglav National Park is among the earliest European parks; the first protection dates back to 1924 when the Alpine Conservation Park was founded. The principal task of the Triglav National Park Public Institution is the protection of the park, but it also carries out specialist and research tasks.
Natura 2000 is the centrepiece of EU nature & biodiversity policy. It is an EUwide network of nature protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats Directive.
The aim of the network is to assure the long-term survival of Europe’s most valuable and threatened species and habitats. It is comprised of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) designated by Member States under the Habitats Directive, and also incorporates Special Protection Areas (SPAs) which they designate under the 1979 Birds Directive.
They belong to the so-called Alpine-limestone flora, which is among the richest in Europe. Some plant species only grow in the Bohinj Region, and thus they were named after Bohinj or Mt. Triglav.
Use Only Memory Sticks for Picking Flowers
Certain plant species are rare, and picking would endanger their existence even more. If you would like to take their beauty with you, take a photo of them. Let us diligently protect them from picking, so they can continue to perform their role in the ecosystem and forever beautify the wonderful Alpine world.
Rich Variety of Bohinj Flora
Plants are a part of many stories and tales. The most famous is the Triglav Flower (Potentilla nitida), which played a part in the tale about the Goldenhorn. Its layout, diverse terrain, altitude difference, the influence of the Mediterranean sea, and the geological characteristics have contributed to the extraordinary variety of different plant life.
In the valley, we can find colourful meadow flora (spring gentian, arnica, bellflowers…)
In spring, lower plateaus are adorned by the slipper orchid, Bohinj iris, Clusius’ gentian…
The Fužinarske Gore mountains are rich in scree flora, which appears above 2000 metres (Potentilla nitida, Eritrichium nanum, Gentiana terglouensis, Crepis Terglouensis…)
By the end of June, orchids and the edelweiss also appear
A special place is held by plant species of highland marshes; the marshes developed because of peat moss
Alpine plants have a special role in the fragile Alpine ecosystem
The Forests of Bohinj
Forests cover most of the region
The characteristic species are: beech, spruce, larch, and dwarf pine
All tree species must be adapted to harsh conditions
Parts of the TNP are forest preserves (completely natural development without interference)
You can also visit thick trees
Picking Mushrooms, Fruits and Herbs
You can pick mushrooms, wild berries, herbs…
Amateur mushroom picking is at its most intensive in August and September
In the TNP, you may only gather on the periphery of the park
The general limit for mushroom picking is 2 kilograms per person
Mushrooms must be roughly cleaned already in their habitat
The use of accessories that might harm plants is prohibited while gathering
The variety of animal life in Bohinj is due to favourable circumstances (basin geography, large differences in altitude, influences of the Mediterranean sea and geological characteristics). Here, almost all species which are characteristic for mountain habitats can be found. From the imposing Alpine ibex and all the way to the microscopic world, one can discover many, even endangered, rare, and indigenous species.
Most Interesting Mammals
The most characteristic is the chamois
The ibex has been resettled (it was extinct from the region more than 300 years ago)
At the same time as the ibex, the Alpine marmot has also been resettled
Very rare are the lynx, wild cat, and the brown bear, which is not permanently settled here
Common are deer, squirrels, weasels, dormice, beech martens, badgers, foxes, and mountain hares
The rarest and most endangered is the otter
84 Bird Species Nest in Bohinj
Capercaillie counts among the most endangered birds
One of the better-known ones is the black grouse
There are fewer and fewer golden eagles
Diverse World of Insects, Fish and Reptiles
Many insect species are also protected (e.g. apollo, rosalia longicorn)
Horned viper and the common viper are the best known venomous snakes
Indigenous fish in Lake Bohinj are the brown trout, grayling, and burbot
The only indigenous vertebrate species is the Alpine newt
The caves surrounding Mt. Triglav are the habitat of the indigenous genus Anophtalmus
HOW TO SAFELY OBSERVE ANIMALS?
with an experienced hunter or a park guide
guided ornithological trips
we do not disturb animals or force ourselves on them