Not many regions in the Alps can boast a more diverse flora than the area of Bohinj! This relatively small area is characterised by several altitudinal belts up to the highest peaks reaching far above the forest line. Vast forests, fields, mountain meadowsand various wetlands – from the shore of Lake Bohinj to the high moors … all this gives an attentive nature lover a chance to experience unforgettable beauties and discoveries.
The richness of flora also invites butterflies and bees. Bohinj and its surrounding areas are a wonderful place for watching butterflies flying from blossom to blossom and for the apiculture, which has a long tradition here.
PDF with the names of some wildflowers: Wildflowers of Bohinj
Numerous plants owe their existence and survival to people. The thousand-year lasting cohabitation of human and nature has formed the landscape in the Julian Alps and also a living space for many plants.
Without the diligent work of the local people the fields would be overgrown by forest, which would higher in the mountains turn into mountain pines and rocks – all the beautiful floral richness of meadows from the valley up to the mountains would be lost.
Based on the native breed of cattle – the so called “cika”, the cattle breeding required a respectful and well considered use of what the nature provides. Due to a wet climate elaborate constructions had to be built – hayracks to dry hay and wooden hay barns to preserve the hay through the winter. The herdsmen on the high-pastures were dwelling in herdsmen huts in the mountains.
All this gave the landscape around Bohinj a special character – a precious cultural landscape of immense beauty was formed, which the local people are justly proud of.
For the preservation of the rich flora of Bohinj and the Alps in general, it is crucial to preserve the cultural landscape with extensive cattle breeding – with traditional ways of harvesting hay.
The International Wild Flower Festival is also intended for the search of a way for a harmony of human and nature in the future – so that even our children will be able to admire the enchanting blooming fields.
The Triglav National Park (TNP) is the only Slovenian national park. The park was named after Triglav, the highest mountain in the heart of the park, which is also the highest summit in Slovenia (2864 m). The origin of the name Triglav is rather uncertain. Triglav (“three-headed”) owes its name to its characteristic shape as seen from the south-east side or to the highest Slavic deity who was supposed to have its throne on the top of the mountain. The mountain is a true national symbol and is featured on the national coat of arms and the flag.
The Triglav National Park extends along the Italian border and close to the Austrian border in the north-west of Slovenia, that is, in the south-eastern section of the Alps. Its territory is nearly identical with that occupied by the Eastern Julian Alps. The park covers 880 square kilometres, or 3 % of the territory of Slovenia. The Triglav National Park is among the earliest European parks; the first protection dates back to 1924 when the Alpine Conservation Park was founded. The principal task of the Triglav National Park Public Institution is the protection of the park, but it also carries out specialist and research tasks.
Natura 2000 is the centrepiece of EU nature & biodiversity policy. It is an EUwide network of nature protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats Directive.
The aim of the network is to assure the long-term survival of Europe’s most valuable and threatened species and habitats. It is comprised of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) designated by Member States under the Habitats Directive, and also incorporates Special Protection Areas (SPAs) which they designate under the 1979 Birds Directive.